Solid wood floors, while long-lasting, can be damaged. Scratches, nicks and gouges out of
the wood are the most common issues facing solid wood flooring. Other issues may include
warping, squeaky or loose boards as well as actual holes in the floor. In cases of severe
damage, planks may need to be entirely replaced rather than just repaired. If the floor is
warped or has holes, replacement will definitely be necessary. Most other common
problems can be solved by refinishing
1Sweep the floor. Before you can repair a solid wood floor, the surface must be entirely
clean. Sweep the floor and pickup any debris with a dust pan. If the floor is very dirty, you
may need to use a damp cloth to pick up the dirt. If you do end up using a damp cloth, you
must wait until the floor is absolutely dry before proceeding.
2Sand down the damaged spot on the wood. Extend the area out several inches around the
damage to make sure that the finished result is as seamless as possible. Use a medium or
heavy grade sandpaper. If the gouges are very deep, you may need to use a belt sander.
Make sure that the entire area is smoothed out and that the damage is no longer visible.
3Clean up the dust from sanding. Sanding produces a great deal of dust that will need to be
completely cleaned up before you can refinish the flooring. Use a broom and a dustpan to
get the majority cleaned up, and if necessary, wipe down the area with a damp cloth and
allow it to dry. The area should be free of all dust.
4Stain the sanded area. Using the same stain that was previously used on your flooring, or
one that matches as closely as possible, stain the newly sanded surface. Use a paint brush
for smaller areas, or a larger roller applicator for large areas. Work with the grain of the
wood. Apply a light coat and allow it six to eight hours to dry. If the color is too light, apply
more coats as necessary until the flooring matches.
5Clear coat the spot. In order to prevent future damage, clear coat polyurethane should be
applied over the stain. Once again, use a paint brush and apply a very thin coat to the area.
Allow this spot six to eight hours to dry. If you notice any bubbles or rough spots, the area
will need to be lightly sanded and clear coat will need to be reapplied. Allow the fixed spot
12 hours to dry completely after the last coat before allowing foot traffic on the spot.